Workers in low-income jobs, immigrants and workers of color have borne the brunt of workplace deaths
Landmark Ruling By California Standards Board Provides a Model for Federal Action
萨克拉门托,CA - 回应工人和维权人士的呼吁, 加州/OSHA标准委员会今天以6比0的投票结果通过了新的紧急条例，旨在加强对所有加州工人在工作场所受COVID-19影响的保护. 这一行动意味着工人有具体的行动, mandatory requirements for employers to follow to reduce 传输 of the virus in their places of work, and Cal/OSHA now has stronger tools to ensure that employers follow basic protocols, 例如保持工人之间的物理距离.
“COVID-19紧急临时标准(ETS)是基于健全的公共卫生原则和当前全球十大赌钱软件appCOVID-19传播和预防的知识,” 工作安全执行主任斯蒂芬·奈特. 该规定是根据对雇主的现有要求制定的, 例如伤害和疾病预防计划. 它与加州/OSHA和地方和州公共卫生部门发布的更详细的指导文件和健康命令相一致, 还有最近的州立法, giving these guidance documents more teeth with a more enforceable standard. 最后, the ETS combines a “性能” standard with specific direction on controls necessary to COVID prevention (e.g. physical distance, face covering, case identification and response).
而加州并不是第一个颁布此类规定的州, 现在，在披露信息和要求雇主做出回应等重要问题上，该州正处于领先地位(包括对被送往隔离的工人的薪酬保护)。. 今天通过的规定也在解决雇主提供住房和交通的具体问题上取得了突破性进展，这些问题影响到农业中主要的基本工人. 因此，它是联邦行动的典范. Other states that have adopted emergency workplace rules include Oregon, 新泽西, 密歇根, 和维吉尼亚州(source).
“We are relieved and delighted at the outcome today,” declared Maggie Robbins, Occupational and Environmental Health Specialist with 十大赌网app下载. “The people of California need stronger protections from COVID and this rule strengthens protections at work. 现在的挑战是扩大范围, education and dialogue to ensure the promise of the standard is realized in practice.”
David Campbell, Secretary-Treasurer with United Steelworkers Local 675, agreed: “We are thrilled with having a long overdue COVID-19 Prevention Emergency Temporary Standard (ETS). The ETS is another important step to assure worker safety and health with strong actions to protect workers from COVID-19 exposure, 疾病, 还有工作时的死亡. We look forward to working with the government and employers to implement these measures for safer workplaces.”
“UFCW members are the definition of essential - keeping food safe, 杂货店开放, and dispensing medicine over the last eight months in unsafe workplaces because Californians must stay healthy and fed,” Joe Duffle, UFCW Local 1167的总裁. “执法是工人安全的关键, 我们相信，这些标准将有助于保持工人和客户的健康，防止病毒在冬季病例预计增加的几个月期间进一步传播. 我们的工会期待着与国家合作, 政府和立法机构进一步确保我们的议员每天上班都受到COVID-19的保护，直到大流行结束.”
“门卫和物业服务人员争取在短时间内采用这一严格的标准，因为新冠病毒会在重要工作者花费时间的地方蔓延:在家里无法完成的工作中, where jobs pay so little families are forced into crowded homes, 种族主义加剧了医疗保健的障碍, leaving Black and Brown communities most vulnerable to 疾病 and death from the virus,” David Huerta, President of SEIU - United Service Workers West. “Today’s action is an important step toward getting this relentless virus under control, 但还有更多的工作要做. 因为我们制定了一个永久的标准, 我们需要强有力而明确的清洁标准指南, and we need to resource Cal/OSHA so that it has the ability to respond to every workers’ report of unsafe conditions.”
“疫情爆发几个月后, our state is on the brink of confronting a third wave of infections and death, 其中大部分的死者可能是拉丁裔,” Raul Pickett, Senior Policy Advisor with the Latino Democratic Caucus. “If we do not feel some sort of rage when this sort of preventable tragedy occurs, 如果我们不觉得有必要批准ETS的话, 那就是我们出了严重的问题.”
工人倡导者指出了新规定需要改进的真正领域，并期待与加州/职业安全与健康管理局和雇主在未来几个月进行合作，以改善现状. Workers have almost no specific rights to object when employers make inadequate plans to comply. 当雇主没有执行他们的书面计划时，工人也没有具体的方式来反对——自疫情开始以来，这个问题反复出现. 最后, workers have no way to help design the critical training programs that inform workers of their rights and the employers’ obligations, so workers will have to depend on supervisors for accurate information about social distancing, 个人防护装备和医疗需求. 对于所有这些问题, 4 .工人们的唯一补救办法就是向加州职业安全与卫生管理局提出投诉, 我们知道该机构收到了大量的投诉. While Cal/OSHA will have an easier time enforcing this clear set of requirements than before, workers with rights on the job can do much more to help prevent the spread of the disease, and show reluctant employers that workers are not going to tolerate backsliding.
尽管如此, adopting an emergency regulation means employers will have specific direction on steps they must take to protect workers from virus spread. It also means Cal/OSHA will have a more powerful tool to enforce safety rules and hold employers accountable.
"I'm happy that Cal/OSHA has approved these critical emergency standards. 他们本可以让我的情况大不相同。 巴斯Aguilar, an Oakland fast-food worker who has been left paralyzed on one side of her body after suffering a COVID-related stroke in August. "The fast-food restaurants I worked in ignored my demands for basic safety protocols like quarantining sick workers, 戴口罩和保持社交距离. I ended up testing positive for COVID-19 along with six co-workers and my sister-in-law whom I exposed to the virus. COVID-19以创纪录的水平席卷我们州, 现在比以往任何时候都更重要的是，像我们这样在快餐店工作的重要员工有权举报违反公共卫生命令的行为，并与政府合作，让不遵守的雇主承担责任."
A broad coalition of 45+ occupational health and safety organizations, 工会, 工作中心, 社区团体, and environmental organizations supported the campaign for an emergency temporary standard. 数十名工人和维权人士在今天的听证会上作证.
Cal/OSHA and the State of California have published many detailed guidance documents for employers. 这个有用的指导, 而加州卫生与安全管理局在技术上是可以强制执行的, 难道没有与标准同等的法律效力吗. Worker advocates widely report that many employers ignore the law, 并且很少关注自愿指导. A standard gives Cal/OSHA a more powerful tool to enforce the rules and hold employers accountable.
“加州需要这个可强制执行的加州/职业安全与健康管理局标准，雇主和工人都可以依靠这个‘道路规则’来阻止工作场所的传播,十大赌网app下载的奈特说. “Now we begin the hard work of educating employers and workers as we partner to bring community spread of COVID-19 under control.”
截至11月18日, there have been more than one million confirmed cases of coronavirus in California, 超过18个,400例死亡(源); this week, 病例数量和感染率的惊人增长迫使州政府对加州的重开计划“紧急刹车”.
从肉类加工, 服装行业, 到杂货店, 快餐, the spread of COVID-19 in workplaces is more than a devastating headline. Workers in low-income jobs, immigrants and workers of color have borne the brunt of these deaths (source). 加州职业安全健康管理局, COVID-19 “has killed hundreds of workers in California and sickened thousands, and workers will continue to become ill and die until the pandemic subsides. COVID-19是一种职业卫生紧急情况，在更短的时间内造成的死亡人数比Cal/OSHA近50年的任何其他工作场所危机都要多”(source).
The action on the new standard comes after workers and advocates submitted 一份请愿书 in May to urge the Standards Board to develop an emergency temporary standard tailored to COVID-19 hazards. 以下是ETS活动的常见问题解答.
加州职业安全健康管理局解释说, 一项具体的COVID-19应急条例”将为雇主和雇员提供明确指示，说明需要做些什么来保护工人免受COVID-19的影响, 消除任何混乱并增强遵从性.” (source)