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雇主的报复

破坏联邦反报复执法

作者:Doug Parker,执行董事

There is a lot of news about the Trump Administration rolling back regulations, particularly those issued during the Obama Administration. 更少得到十大赌网app下载的是他们更简单和更快的全球十大赌钱软件app:通过拒绝执行有效地消除法规. 

本月早些时候, 联邦OSHA似乎就是这样做的,它向地区办公室和州OSHA计划发布了解释性指导,涉及实施2016年《十大赌网app下载》中反报复条款的问题.”

The 2016 rule requires employers to have injury reporting procedures that are “reasonable” for employees, and it prohibits policies that would deter or discourage employees from reporting injuries. 该规定针对了两种常见的雇主做法,即所谓的安全激励计划和事故后的药物测试,这两种做法被认为是不鼓励员工报告工伤事故. 

Safety incentive programs typically reward employees as a group with prizes or cash bonuses based on workplace injury rates. 2016年的规定禁止“无过失”安全激励计划,在该计划中,无论员工受伤的情况或角色如何,受伤发生时都不发放奖金. 这类项目通过制造同伴压力,让他们不要报告伤害,从而从本质上阻碍了报告伤害,因为伤害可能会影响到领取福利的同事.

该规定还有效地禁止了雇主在没有合理依据得出结论认为事故与毒品有关的情况下进行受伤后药物测试的做法, drug testing targeted at workers who were injured but not others involved in an incident, 还有药检不能测量损伤. These practices are also used to punish employees and discourage reporting.

OSHA的 10月11日的备忘录 没有推翻规则——如果没有新的规则制定,OSHA就无法做到这一点——但它试图破坏这些条款的核心,将执法限制在能够证明雇主有意阻止伤害报告的情况下. 备忘录允许这些项目,除非“雇主采取行动惩罚报告工伤或疾病的员工,而不是出于促进工作场所安全和健康的合法目的”.备忘录还为雇主提供了一份路线图,通过对激励措施和药物测试项目进行表面上的改变来避免被引用.

I wish I could hold out California as a shining counter-example, but it has unfortunately done virtually nothing to even adopt the 2016 rule, 尽管它有这样做的法律义务. 

2016年的规定承认了这样一个现实,即这些政策可以阻止工伤报告,并为惩罚上报工伤的工人提供了机会. The 10月 11 memo does much to undo that recognition of how these programs work in the real world.