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安全的工作

停止22号提案是工人安全的第一步

今年11月, 加州选民被要求支持22号提案——优步和Lyft误导性的投票措施,该措施将使他们免受保护工人的劳动法的影响. 一起Postmates, Instacart, 和Doordash, these wealthy corporations are spending nearly $200 million to pass Prop. 这是该州历史上最昂贵的投票措施. That level of unprecedented spending should alarm California voters and alert passengers that something is amiss.

加州的法律和政策明确规定,这些工人是雇员,有权享受与加州所有雇员相同的保护和福利. 打着支持员工灵活性和自由的幌子, these companies pocket billions by misclassifying their drivers as independent contractors. 共享汽车公司期望从这一巨额投资中得到的是永久的法律保护,因为他们拒绝为他们工作的司机提供与正式员工一样的基本福利, 比如带薪病假, 失业保险, 或医疗.

艾尔Aloudi, 旧金山的叫车司机, was working behind the wheel in March and brought COVID back to his home. “I was driving in the beginning of March, [and] my dad began showing symptoms of COVID by March 15th. 他脸色发青,无法呼吸, 所以我们叫了救护车,他的检测呈阳性,”Aloudi报道. Quarantined and unable to work, Aloudi applied for Uber and Lyft pandemic relief programs. He sent the companies a doctor’s note requiring that he quarantine, but both companies denied him paid sick time and temporarily deactivated him.

由优步和Lyft的律师撰写, 第22号提案旨在为零工司机制定一种特殊的劳动类别,减少公司对司机和乘客的安全和福利的责任. 同时保护他们自己的责任, 这些公司希望将责任重新分配给移民和有色人种工人,他们在他们的低薪员工中占很大比例.

大流行加剧了本已不稳定的局势, 叫车司机的工作环境难以预测. 最近进行的一项调查 Rideshare司机统一 shows that only 29% of drivers are still driving despite pandemic conditions. 因为司机知道其中的风险, a vast majority surveyed (92%) say Uber and Lyft should be providing safety supplies. 司机们需要支付大量的现金, 只有7%的人在前排和后排座位之间设置了障碍物, 尽管疾病预防控制中心的建议. 只有62%的人在乘客之间进行消毒, 因为这段时间是无偿的, and drivers say they simply cannot afford to take the time off the road. What these statistics show is that safety is closely linked to labor conditions.

此外,道具. 22 will exempt employers from providing personal protective equipment, 确保卫生设施的使用, 或者评估工作场所暴力的风险, 包括性骚扰和身体骚扰. 没有带薪假期或带薪病假, 司机们将别无选择,只能在生病或受伤的情况下工作——这将使乘客们暴露在生病和事故的风险之下.

来自洛杉矶的一名司机本·瓦尔迪兹(Ben Valdez)仍在开车. “I bought and made my own partition to separate me from my passengers. Even during this time I still have people reaching over to pat me on the back or poke me. I am afraid of going to the back of my car and handling my passengers’ bags,” said Valdez. “I spend at least $50 a week on cleaning supplies and I’m not paid for the time it takes to clean my car. 如果优步和Lyft遵守法律,把我当员工对待, I would have access to unemployment and wouldn’t have to choose to earn money at an extremely high risk, 或者冒着付不起账单的风险待在家里.”

这些零工经济巨头对公众的蔑视体现在该法案史无前例地要求立法机构以八分之七的多数票修改优步和Lyft起草的规则上. These companies are trying to deceive voters into passing their special rules, and then bar our representatives from ever touching that law again.

与此同时, drivers who don’t earn enough money and are denied basic protections work harder and longer hours, 为了获得更多的游乐设施,他们不得不冒更多的险. 随着企业和学校重新开放, more and more drivers will get back on the road — and without proper cleaning and protections supplied by the employer, 乘客也会为此付出代价.

这是加州正在进行的一场历史性战斗,目的是结束优步和Lyft对劳动法的玩世不义的操纵,从而重置雇主和员工之间的平衡. 加州选民应该拒绝这样的前提, 只要有足够的权力和金钱, 公司可以放松对自己的管制.