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California: Resist the Federal Rollback on 损伤报告

作者Doug Parker,执行董事

数字技术的爆炸式增长归功于一个基本优势——聚合的能力, 分析, 和使用信息. The ability to 分析 previously unimaginable amounts of data has changed how we do business, 制定公共政策, 进行研究, 并找到社区. 

随着数据驱动分析的盛行,一些公共政策圈子里出现了这样一种趋势:如果一个问题没有数据的话, 没有问题, regardless of the disparities of power and access that explain why data are hard to produce. As this trend grows, so does the need for available and transparent data relevant to policy making.

透明度显著影响行为. 我在美国的那段时间.S. 劳工部, 通过报告不良的合规记录,公开“羞辱”不良行为者的全球十大赌钱软件app越来越多,这不仅改变了这些公司的行为, 它推动了其他公司的改进. 2010年多德-弗兰克法案(Dodd-Frank Act)的条款要求上市矿业公司向股东报告死亡事故, 事故, and violations helped drive significant safety improvements. 简而言之,透明度等于问责.

可悲的是, 信息时代和透明度的价值都没有在工人安全和健康领域取得足够的进展. The company that sells you soap has better data about your grooming habits than OSHA has about your workplace. 

In 2016, OSHA published an important rule to help shift the imbalance of information when it comes to injuries. 新规定要求拥有250名或以上员工的工厂通过电子方式提交他们的年度工伤总结, 受伤的日志, 以及个人受伤报告. 在有20名或20名以上员工的高风险行业的工作场所,每年必须通过电子方式提交一份工伤总结. These are all records employers were already required to maintain. 一旦完全分阶段引入, 这些工地的工伤信息将在网上公开,为员工的决策提供信息, 未来的员工, 执行机构, 和公众. 新规定还改善了对因报告工伤而遭受报复的员工的保护,并限制了随意使用药物测试来惩罚员工的做法.

California was required to adopt this rule within six months of its publication, 但没有采取任何有意义的措施. It is one of only seven states where this rule is not in effect, soon to be one of only five. California has been a national leader in right-to-know laws to protect workers and consumers, but it will soon be at the bottom of the pile when it comes to access to workplace injury rates.

采取行动接受这一规则尤其紧迫,因为特朗普政府正在采取行动,取消其中的大部分规定. 如果他们在加州采用之前就这么做的话, creating our own record-keeping regulation will become much more difficult and expensive. 加州现在行动.